Infinitive form of a verb what is the infinitive form of. Finite and nonfinite verbs worksheet english practice. Here are more verbs that are usually followed by the infinitive. Infinitive verbs are an important part of grammar and the english language, and this quiz and worksheet combo will help test your understanding of this topic. Although the infinitive is formed by putting to before the verb, it does not act as a verb. Defining a rule for the use of infinitive and gerund. The simplest form of a verb is called an infinitive. Infinitively definition of infinitively by the free dictionary. Infinitive form of a verb what is the infinitive form of a. I dont like crying in public unless im getting paid for it. To infinitives are often used after adjectives expressing ideas such as desires and emotions. A causative verb describes someone or something enabling, causing, or allowing a person or thing to do something. This worksheet concentrates on those verbs that can take both the infinitive or the gerund but with a change in meaning.
The boys say that it is very easy to climb climb climbing up that tree. In pairs or small groups, students talk about the questions in the boxes, paying special attention to the verb pattern normally infiniti. The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions. This sentence follows the exact same pattern as the previous example, with a verb as the subject of the clause. Sometimes the toinfinitive gives a reason for the adjective. With toinfi nitives cause, get, force, allow, ask, tell, encourage, persuade, convince, and help are followed by an object and the to infi nitive form of a verb.
It often comes after another verb, like want or likes above. We didnt come here to have fun, we came here to work. Hopefully, the power of music will help our students remember the verbs patterns. We have two types of infinitive which infinitive with to and infinitive without to. In the first sentence, the gerund crying serves as the direct object. Gerund or infinitive after the verb exercise 1 at autoenglish author. For example, i like pizza pizza here is a noun a thing.
It is unmarked, and it is preceded by the particle to. Infinitive and gerund infinitive after an adjective example. You would do this to show that there is an objective or reason for doing that particular verb. Modals and auxiliaries 12 an auxiliary is a helping verb. Toinfinitives can be used after adjectives expressing ideas such as desire or emotion. Unfortunately, i was unable to work for over a week. Order the committee is to meet on the 15th of february. They usually refer to the present infinitive, which is most common.
Learn verbs plus infinitive with free interactive flashcards. I dont like to cry in public unless im getting paid for it. A verbs infinitive is the basic form used as the headword in a dictionary e. Both of them use in different ways and here we are going to learn about how to use them. However, sometimes, the object of a verb is another action, e. An infinitive usually refers to the word to that is followed immediately by a verb in the most primitive form. If you make a mistake, people will understand you even if it sounds a little funny. Students complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs. The phrase consists of to, the infinitive always a verb, its complements, and its modifiers. There are 2 different activities in which students are asked to choose the correct option and rewrite the sentences beginning them as indicated and making the necessary transformations, using one of the forms. Any verb that is preceded by the word to is an infinitive. Examples a gerund is a verb form ending in ing that is used as a noun. Verb patterns using the infinitive english practice learn. However, in this case, the verb start is an infinitive instead of a gerund.
This is really helpful post to understand the difference between gerund and infinitive. The gerund or infinitive after the verb exercise 2 1 use the verbs in brackets to fill the gaps. Common verbs followed by the gerund perfect english grammar. He locked the door to keep everyone out we can also express. A verb form that functions as a substantive while retaining certain verbal characteristics, such as modification by adverbs, and that in english may be preceded by to, as in to go willingly is to show strength or we want him to work harder. Learn the 20 most important irregular verbs, one per day, direct to your inbox. Choose the right answers to complete the following sentences in english. The words be, have, do, can, could, may, might, shall, should, must, will, would, used, need, dare, ought are called auxiliaries. Everyone knows that to start a fire is difficult if there are no matches. There are, however, four other forms of the infinititive. Arrangement john and alice are to be married next month. A helpful way to remember this is that when there is an auxiliary verb, the main verb does not need to be marked for tense, because the tense is shown in the auxiliary. May 26, 2017 grammar the english infinitive verb form when introduced by the particle to.
English grammar today a reference to written and spoken english grammar and usage cambridge dictionary. Sometimes its difficult to work out whether to use an ing ending or an infinitive after a verb. We also use the to infinitive to express purpose to answer why he bought some flowers to give to his wife. You understand many of the verb combinations taking either a gerund or an infinitive. The infinitive is often used after be is,am, are, was and were to talk about an agreement or an arrangement. Gerunds and infinitives advanced level test quiz online exercise with answers 4. The auxiliary verb did is marked for past tense, but the main verb is not. Here the word calling is the main verb and the word was is an auxiliary verb. A verbal is a verb form used as another part of speech. Another way of using the infinitive is to use to in place of a common phrase such as in order to. Gerunds versus infinitives know the right use of them in a sentence. However, it is more common for c it would take months to compose a infinitives that are subjects to move to the end sonata.
Im sharing an activity for students to practice the use of gerunds and infinitives through songs. It is the version of the verb that appears in the dictionary. English esl gerund worksheets most downloaded 286 results. Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in pdf format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Infinitives an infinitive is a verbal consisting of the word to plus a verb in its simplest stem form and functioning as a noun, adjective, or adverb. The infinitive without to is called the bare infinitive, or the base form of a verb. Fill each space with either the gerund or the infinitive form of the verb that is. An infinitive is a verb formoften preceded by the particle tothat can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Gerunds and infinitive basketball shootout by kifissia practice recognizing whether a verb is followed by an infinitive or a gerund. Frequently, the main verb in a sentence is followed by another verb which is either an infinitive with to ex. Choose from 500 different sets of verbs plus infinitive flashcards on quizlet. It took me quite some time to realize that a finite verb is the opposite of an infinitive verb. Gerund infinitive gi 3 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form. The gerund or infinitive after the verb exercise 2 at auto.
Infinitives can be used as three different parts of speech. After the following phrases we use the infinitive with to in english. These example sentences are all very similar, except that two of them use an infinitive and. When a verb is followed by another action a verb, the action word is put into a gerund eating or infinitive form to eat. This is a 2page worksheet for revising the differences between to infinitive and infinitive without to. There are four other forms of infinitives the perfect infinitive, perfect continuous infinitive, continuous infinitive, and the passive infinitive.
Gi003 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form intermediate. Gerunds and infinitives can function b to compose a sonata would take months. Sep 04, 2014 in this example, the infinitive to paint is the subject of the verb was. English esl to infinitive worksheets most downloaded 38. In english, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common. Infinitive used as an adjective the book to read for information is at the library.
The term verbal indicates that an infinitive, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and. Infinitive used as a noun to win was the tennis players goal. Gerunds and infinitives part 3 put the verb into the gerund or the infinitive with to. The infinitive is the basic or root verb form, uninflected. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by to e. Did i remember to telltelling you that funding for future. A participle is a verb form ending in ed or ing that is used as an adjective. Infinitives are used to express purpose in order to do something.
Introduction to verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives. An infinitive is a verb form, preceded by to, that can be used as a noun, adjective, or adverb. This mean that a tense is not applied and it isnt wound to any form of a subject. The compilation of both the word to and the verb are in fact the infinitive. All of the verbs listed on on this page are followed by a to infinitive when the infinitive is used.
Verbs marked with two asterix can only be followed by a thatclause when the subject of the primary verb is it. They can be used in many ways including as the subject of a sentence. This exercise can help you check your knowledge about using gerund and infinitive. The infinitive an infinitive is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Gerund or infinitive after the verb exercise 1 at autoenglish. Gerunds and infinitives tests category includes free online quizzes on gerunds and infinitives tests consisting of multiple choice questions with answers. Gerunds, participles, and infinitives are all verbals. However, in a sentence about the past without an auxiliary verb, the. In fact, an infinitive serves the same purpose as a noun. The infinitive form of a verb is the verb in its basic form, with or without the particle to. Either infinitive should be infinite or finite should be, uh, finitive. In other words, it is the version of the verb that appears in the dictionary.
It may also be used to give an order or to express a complaint. Verbs which can be followed by this form include advise, ask, allow, expect, encourage, force, help, invite, order, persuade, need, tell they helped their neighbour to fix his car. Identify the finite and nonfinite verbs in the following sentences and state whether they are infinitives, participles or gerunds. Read the first sentence, and choose the most suitable verb to complete the second sentence. We are also going to have sheets for both recognizing the verbal by itself and then as a verbal phrase. My grandparents have retired and enjoy not working. Remind me to give julia a call verbs with to infinitive 1. Seems to me, they should make the terms more symmetrical. Infinitives with and without to english grammar today. Gerunds and infinitives tests english tests online. Basically, an infinitive verb is a verb with the word to in front of it. With to infi nitives cause, get, force, allow, ask, tell, encourage, persuade, convince, and help are followed by an object and the to infi nitive form of a verb. Understanding the use of infinitives english grammar. Infinitives with and without to english grammar today a reference to written and spoken english grammar and usage cambridge dictionary.
However, often english course books present them in a completely random way which makes them very dif. Gerunds and infinitives advanced level test quiz online exercise with answers 3. Verbs marked with an asterix can also be followed by a thatclause, as shown in the examples. We are going to take each of these separately in these worksheets. Common verbs followed by the gerund perfect english. How to use the infinitive verb in english kaplan international.798 1192 191 715 823 808 425 486 1407 814 1102 273 32 1501 760 627 1302 848 1178 1312 1267 587 1314 663 355 185 218 691 1138 186 828 396 59 593 136 1188